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Array of Formulae

Extract all formulae from a worksheet

var fmla_arr = XLSX.utils.sheet_to_formulae(ws);

XLSX.utils.sheet_to_formulae generates an array of commands that represent how a person would enter data into an application.

Live Preview

After choosing a file, the demo will extract and display all formulae.

Live Editor
function SheetJSFormulaPreview() {
  const [__html, setHTML] = React.useState("Select a file");

  return ( <>
    <pre dangerouslySetInnerHTML={{ __html }}/>
    <input type="file" onChange={async(e) => {
      const wb =[0].arrayBuffer());
      var res = "";
      wb.SheetNames.forEach((n, idx) => {
        const ws = wb.Sheets[n];
        res += `<b>Sheet #${idx+1} (${n})</b>\n`;
        res += XLSX.utils.sheet_to_formulae(ws).join("\n") + "\n\n";
  </> );

Cell Processing

Cells are analyzed in "row-major order" (starting from the first row).

Cells without formulae

Cells without formulae are written as A1-cell-address=value:

A1=1                   // A1 is the numeric value 1
B1=TRUE // B1 is the logical value TRUE

String literals are prefixed with a ' in accordance with Excel:

A5='A4+A3              // A5 is the string "A4+A3"

Cells with formulae

Cells with formulae are written as A1-cell-address=formula:

A5=A4+A3               // A5 is a cell with formula =A4+A3

Array formulae

Array formulae are written as A1-range=formula. They do not include the displayed curly braces:

A4:B4=A2:B2*A3:B3      // A4:B4 array formula {=A2:B2*A3:B3}

Single-cell array formulae are written with single-cell ranges:

C4:C4=SUM(A2:A3*B2:B3) // C4 array formula {=SUM(A2:A3*B2:B3)}


This example constructs a workbook including cells with no formulae, cells with normal formulae, single-cell array formulae and array formulae spanning ranges.

For verification, the button writes a workbook whose formulae can be inspected.

Live Editor
function SheetJSToFormulae() {
  var ws = XLSX.utils.aoa_to_sheet([
    ["A", "B", "C"],
    [1, 2, { t: "n", f: "SUM(A2:B2)" }],
    [3, 4, { t: "n", f: "A3+B3" }]
  XLSX.utils.sheet_set_array_formula(ws, "A4:B4", "A2:B2*A3:B3");
  XLSX.utils.sheet_set_array_formula(ws, "C4", "SUM(A2:A3*B2:B3)");
  const generate = () => {
    const wb = XLSX.utils.book_new();
    XLSX.utils.book_append_sheet(wb, ws, "Sheet1");
    XLSX.writeFile(wb, "SheetJSFormulae.xlsx");

  var __html = `\
  ["A", "B", "C"],
  [ 1 ,  2],
  [ 3 ,  4]
C2     =SUM(A2:B2)
C3     =A3+B3
<i>Array Formulae</i>
A4:B4  {=A2:B2*A3:B3}
C4     {=SUM(A2:A3*B2:B3)}`;

  return ( <pre>
    <b>Original worksheet</b><br/>
    <button onClick={generate}><b>Export worksheet to XLSX</b></button>
    <div dangerouslySetInnerHTML={{__html}}/><br/>
  </pre> );