Skip to main content

Cell Object

Cell objects are plain JS objects with keys and values following the convention:

Core Cell Properties (More Info)
vraw value (number, string, Date object, boolean)
ttype: b Boolean, e Error, n Number, d Date, s Text, z Stub
Number Formats (More Info)
znumber format string associated with the cell (if requested)
wformatted text (if applicable)
Formulae (More Info)
fcell formula encoded as an A1-Style string (if applicable)
Frange of enclosing array if formula is array formula (if applicable)
Dif true, array formula is dynamic (if applicable)
Other Cell Properties (More Info)
lcell hyperlink / tooltip (More Info)
ccell comments (More Info)
rrich text encoding (if applicable)
hHTML rendering of the rich text (if applicable)
sthe style/theme of the cell (if applicable)

Built-in export utilities (such as the CSV exporter) will use the w text if it is available. To change a value, be sure to delete cell.w (or set it to undefined) before attempting to export. The utilities will regenerate the w text from the number format (cell.z) and the raw value if possible.

The actual array formula is stored in the f field of the first cell in the array range. Other cells in the range will omit the f field.

Data Types

The raw value is stored in the v value property, interpreted based on the t type property. This separation allows for representation of numbers as well as numeric text. There are 6 valid cell types:

bBoolean: value interpreted as JS boolean
eError: value is a numeric code and w property stores common name **
nNumber: value is a JS number **
dDate: value is a JS Date object or string to be parsed as Date **
sText: value interpreted as JS string and written as text **
zStub: blank stub cell that is ignored by data processing utilities **
Error values and interpretation (click to show)
ValueError Meaning

Type n is the Number type. This includes all forms of data that Excel stores as numbers, such as dates/times and Boolean fields. Excel exclusively uses data that can be fit in an IEEE754 floating point number, just like JS Number, so the v field holds the raw number. The w field holds formatted text. Dates are stored as numbers by default and converted with XLSX.SSF.parse_date_code.

Type d is the Date type, generated only when the option cellDates is passed. Since JSON does not have a natural Date type, parsers are generally expected to store ISO 8601 Date strings like you would get from date.toISOString(). On the other hand, writers and exporters should be able to handle date strings and JS Date objects. Note that Excel disregards timezone modifiers and treats all dates in the local timezone. The library does not correct for this error. Dates are covered in more detail in the Dates section

Type s is the String type. Values are explicitly stored as text. Excel will interpret these cells as "number stored as text". Generated Excel files automatically suppress that class of error, but other formats may elicit errors.

Type z represents blank stub cells. They are generated in cases where cells have no assigned value but hold comments or other metadata. They are ignored by the core library data processing utility functions. By default these cells are not generated; the parser sheetStubs option must be set to true.